Over the last 25 years, Somalia has become a case example of a collapsed state. In January 1991, clan-organized armed groups overthrew General Siad Barre, thus leading to state collapse and subsequent rivalry among
clans.1 In the 1990s, several international political and humanitarian interventions failed to salvage the country from lawlessness. Rival clans fought over power and resources and, except for a few regions which have managed to
avoid large-scale epidemic tribal rivalries, warlords have ruled the country.
Since then Somalia has remained fragmented. Following a series of reconciliation conferences, Somalia embraced federalism as a system of governance. The provisional constitution adopted in 2012 created the Federal Republic of Somalia. Over 8 years since that notable feat, skepticism continues regarding its achievements. Read here from the full article